1) prisoner /ˈprɪz.ən.ɚ/ n. 囚犯
扩展：prison/send someone to prison/throw someone to prison
例句：I hear Mike's uncle is behind bars again
2) bush/bʊʃ/ n. 灌木丛
搭配：beat around the bush
3) rapidly/ˈræp.ɪd/ adv. 迅速地
4) uniform/ˈjuː.nə.fɔːrm/ n. 制服
助记：uni-单一＋ form 形式；
5) rifle/ˈraɪ.fəl/ n. 来福枪，步枪
6) shoulder/ˈʃoʊl.dɚ/ n. 肩
扩展：shoulder one's responsibility 肩负责任
扩展：give someone a cold shoulder 对某人很冷漠
7) march/mɑːrtʃ/ v. 行进
8) boldly/boʊld/ adv. 大胆地
The newspapers described her resignation as a bold move.
The following year he made a bold step to expand his business.
It was a bold attempt to win back public confidence.
In a surprisingly bold statement, the couple said they had no intention ofmarrying.
Deciding to emigrate is a bold decision for anyone to make.
Making a film from the book was a bold experiment, and it worked.
9) blaze/bleɪz/ v. 闪耀
10) salute/səˈluːt/ v. 行礼
11) elderly/ˈel.dɚ.li/ adj. 上了年纪的
12) grey/ɡreɪ/ adj. 灰白的
13) sharp/ʃɑːrp/ adj. 猛烈的
扩展：Sharp 时髦的；sharp整；Let's meet at 10 o'clock sharp.
14) blow/bloʊ/ n. 打击
When he had killed the guard, the prisoner of war quickly dragged him into the bushes. Working rapidly in the darkness, he soon changed into the dead man's clothes. Now, dressed in a blue uniform and with a rifle over his shoulder, the prisoner marched boldly up and down in front of the camp. He could hear shouting in the camp itself. Lights were blazing and men were running here and there: they had just discovered that a prisoner had escaped. At that moment, a large black car with four officers inside it, stopped at the camp gates. The officers got out and the prisoner stood to attention and saluted as they passed. When they had gone, the driver of the car came towards him. The man obviously wanted to talk. He was rather elderly with grey hair and clear blue eyes. The prisoner felt sorry for him, but there was nothing else he could do. As the man came near, the prisoner knocked him to the ground with a sharp blow. Then, jumping into the car, he drove off as quickly as he could.
1.When he had killed the guard, the prisoner of war quickly dragged him into the bushes. Working rapidly in the darkness, he soon changed into the dead man's clothes.
● 过去完成时：had done
No sooner…than…./ hardly …..when ….一….就
例：Hardly had I got to the bus stop when the bus started.
例：No sooner had I got to the bus stop than the bus started.
例：He had no sooner returned than he bought a house.
如果no sooner 位于句首，主句要用倒装结构。
例：No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.
例：No sooner had the game started than it began to rain heavily.
例：He had hardly finished the article when the light went out.
例：He had hardly had time to settle down when he sold the house.
例：Hardly had I finished eating when he came in.
例：Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.
● 虚拟语气中也会出现过去完成时－对过去的虚拟：If had done, would/could/should/might + have done
（专四考题）If only the patient ＿＿a different treatment instead of using the antibiotics, he might still be alive now.
A. had received B. received
C. should receive D. were receiving
● 具体形式：Doing something,主句。
第一：doing something 表示主动；
第二：doing something 的逻辑主语是后面句子的主语。
● get off work
● It's not gonna work
● work out
● work my butt off
● He's so worked up他很生气
● on my way to work
1. _______ regular training in nursing, she could hardly cope with the work at first.1994
A. Not received B. Since receiving
C. Having received D. Not having received
2. _________ their luggage , the group of tourists hurried to the airport.1991
A. Packed B. After packed C. Finished packing D. Having packed