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基础能力第六级 Day 1: Lesson 81 Escape


(讲义为知识点讲解的框架,并非全部内容,全部内容见音频讲解)


一、词汇部分

1)  prisoner /ˈprɪz.ən.ɚ/ n. 囚犯

扩展:prison/send someone to prison/throw someone to prison

扩展:behind bars

例句:I hear Mike's uncle is behind bars again

六-1

2) bush/bʊʃ/ n. 灌木丛

搭配:beat around the bush


3) rapidly/ˈræp.ɪd/ adv. 迅速地


4) uniform/ˈjuː.nə.fɔːrm/ n. 制服

助记:uni-单一+ form 形式;


5) rifle/ˈraɪ.fəl/ n. 来福枪,步枪


6) shoulder/ˈʃoʊl.dɚ/ n.

扩展:shoulder one's responsibility 肩负责任

扩展:give someone a cold shoulder 对某人很冷漠


7) march/mɑːrtʃ/ v. 行进

扩展:March march联系


8)  boldly/boʊld/ adv. 大胆地

1)      a bold move

The newspapers described her resignation as a bold move.

2)      a bold step

The following year he made a bold step to expand his business.

3)      a bold attempt

It was a bold attempt to win back public confidence.

4)      a bold statement/assertion/claim

In a surprisingly bold statement, the couple said they had no intention ofmarrying.

5)      a bold decision

Deciding to emigrate is a bold decision for anyone to make.

6)      a bold experiment

Making a film from the book was a bold experiment, and it worked.


9)  blaze/bleɪz/ v. 闪耀


10) salute/səˈluːt/ v. 行礼

六-2

11) elderly/ˈel.dɚ.li/ adj. 上了年纪的


12) grey/ɡreɪ/ adj. 灰白的


13) sharp/ʃɑːrp/ adj. 猛烈的

扩展:Sharp 时髦的;sharp整;Let's meet at 10 o'clock sharp.


14) blow/bloʊ/ n. 打击

 

文章讲解

 

When he had killed the guard, the prisoner of war quickly dragged him into the bushes. Working rapidly in the darkness, he soon changed into the dead man's clothes. Now, dressed in a blue uniform and with a rifle over his shoulder, the prisoner marched boldly up and down in front of the camp. He could hear shouting in the camp itself. Lights were blazing and men were running here and there: they had just discovered that a prisoner had escaped. At that moment, a large black car with four officers inside it, stopped at the camp gates. The officers got out and the prisoner stood to attention and saluted as they passed. When they had gone, the driver of the car came towards him. The man obviously wanted to talk. He was rather elderly with grey hair and clear blue eyes. The prisoner felt sorry for him, but there was nothing else he could do. As the man came near, the prisoner knocked him to the ground with a sharp blow. Then, jumping into the car, he drove off as quickly as he could.

 

文章精讲:

 

1.When he had killed the guard, the prisoner of war quickly dragged him into the bushes. Working rapidly in the darkness, he soon changed into the dead man's clothes.

1)知识点1:


   过去完成时:had done

No sooner…than…./ hardly …..when ….….

 

例:Hardly had I got to the bus stop when the bus started.
例:No sooner had I got to the bus stop than the bus started.

 

No sooner….than…..

例:He had no sooner returned than he bought a house.
他一回来就买了一套房子。

如果no sooner 位于句首,主句要用倒装结构。

例:No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.
他刚到就又走了。
例:No sooner had the game started  than it began to rain heavily.
运动会刚开始,天就下起了大雨。


hardlywhen...

例:He had hardly finished the article when the light went out.
他刚写完文,灯就熄了。
例:He had hardly had time to settle down when he sold the house.
他还未安顿下来,就卖掉了那所房子。

如果把hardly放于句首,主句要用倒装结构即谓语动词要提前。
例:Hardly had I finished eating when he came in.
我刚吃完他就进来了。
例:Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.
她还没走出家门,就有一个学生来看望她。

 

   虚拟语气中也会出现过去完成时-对过去的虚拟:If had done, would/could/should/might + have done

 

(专四考题)If only the patient __a different treatment instead of using the antibiotics, he might still be alive now.

A. had received                           B. received

C. should receive                         D. were  receiving

 


2)知识点2:非谓语动词作状语

   具体形式:Doing something,主句。

 

第一:doing something 表示主动;

第二:doing something 的逻辑主语是后面句子的主语。

 

Work 用法小总结:

   get off work

   It's not gonna work

   work out

   work my butt off

   He's so worked up他很生气

   on my way to work


Clothes Vocabulary

 

六-3

 

课后题-下课讲

 

1. _______ regular training in nursing, she could hardly cope with the work at first.1994

A. Not received  B. Since receiving 

C. Having received  D. Not having received

 

2. _________ their luggage , the group of tourists hurried to the airport.1991

A. Packed  B. After packed  C. Finished packing  D. Having packed

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